|P. P. Rubens, Saint George (2.5 x 3 m; Prado Museum)|
Ille dolor ferox caput in sua terga retorsit
vulneraque aspexit fixumque hastile momordit.
__Ovid, Metamorposhes 3.68-9
Rubens' George hints at both Cadmus, from Ovid's Metamorphoses, and "Santiago" as the Christian knight fighting against Muslims (the shell symbol on George's helmet and armor). Ovid's huge serpent would also inspire G. B. Marino in his long poem Adonis (the supposed dragon as Psyche's mysterious lover), and J. R. R. Tolkien for Glaurung. Rubens anyway seems to have been the only artist who stressed the dragon's pain. The horse pays tribute to Leonardo Da Vinci. Half-hidden references are ubiquitous in the painting, e.g. the Lamb. And, what might the Sphinx on the headdress mean?