|Galleria Sabauda, Torino|
Still sobbing after having been spanked by his mother Venus, Love takes a decision that will condition the whole development of the plot: he goes and asks the Sun to join forces against Venus. The Sun at the beginning, in stanza 19, appears like a separate god, the original Helios; but, as it soon becomes clear, he is the same as Apollo (as in the later mythology), who will prove the most dangerous enemy of Venus throughout the poem. Why an enemy? Marino apparently provides an explanation that does not work, by referring to the famous episode of Vulcan's net in the Odyssey, canto 8. This, in case, would explain Venus' hate against Apollo, not the other way round. So what? Marino's words, and not for the last time, suggest a Freudian solution.
Apollo was strongly hostile to Venus
and hate still burned in his heart from
the day when, on high, he broadcast verb: pubblicare
the indecent show of her adultery,
reported the stealthy predator Mars
of the lustful bed to the black Smith Vulcan, Venus' husband
and, with shame envied in heaven, <----- N.B. "envied"
opened the veil to her sweet bonds. with a sexual innuendo