|by ilTM + Nivalis70 (website) + Raphael|
Friedrich Nietzsche's Umwertung aller Werte, the re- or trans-valuation of all values, started in the Renaissance, which in fact was the German philosopher's reference point. A champion of this attitude was G. B. Marino, who would be condemned by the Inquisition in 1623 as his friend Galileo Galilei also would, for a different but parallel reason, some years later. A meaningful example, by comparing Dante and Marino, can bee seen e.g. in the treatment of the mythological characters of Myrrha (Inferno 30.37-42 vis-a-vis scattered passages in the long poem Adone, link) and Arachne. For the latter, see here below: Purgatorio 12.43-45, Longfellow version, and Il Ritratto del Serenissimo Don Carlo Emanuello, stanza 76, describing Duke Charles Emmanuel's surcoat ripped up in battle.
O mad Arachne! so I thee beheld
E'en then half spider, sad upon the shreds
Of fabric wrought in evil hour for thee.
Not with chosen, precious gems or pearls did
Arachne's ingenious needle embroider it
. . .